Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

King's Pote 169 (King's College Library, King's College Cambridge)

Pote Collection


Summary of Contents: 1 copy of Dīvān Āshūb.

Note concerning author: This author's Falak Āshūb is in the Eton half of the Pote collection, Eton 308 (Margoliouth 142). That, like King's 169 is an autograph. See also King's 26 (in his hand) and King's 94 (yet another autograph). The Bodleian has at least two manuscripts in his hand, each with his characteristic bismillah: Ouseley 280 ff.85-91 and Ouseley 386 ff.41-52. He also made another copy of the latter text only a few days later, for Richard Johnson, now BL IO Islamic 1846. He also penned for Johnson both BL IO Islamic 1718 and BL IO Islamic 667. Also in his hand (with interpolated verses of his own) is BL IO Islamic 115.

Language(s): Persian

Colophon details: Place: Lucknow Date: 1 Rabīʿ II 1196 / 16 Mar 1782 Scribe: Muḥammad Bakhsh, poetically named Āshūb (d. 1784-5) محمد بخش، آشوب .

Colophon further notes: The manuscript is dated three years before the poet's death. A note makes clear the scribe is the author and he is writing the manuscript on the command of Colonel Polier.

Note concerning manuscript: First 9 folios: a prose preface in the same hand. The poet is the author of the history commissioned as a result of a meeting in Polier’s house – see Kings 94 (probably in the same hand, i.e. in the hand of the author).


Persian Literature: a bio-bibliographical survey C. A. Storey 1927–39 I.2 p.616 (includes mention of poet's Divan and his work of history - King's ms is not explicitly mentioned, only Browne Suppl. 499)
Mughals in India: a bibliographical survey. Vol. 1. Manuscripts D.N. Marshall 1962 p.313

Physical Description

Form: codex
Extent: c. 400 folios.
Dimensions (leaf): 20 × 11.3 cm.
Dimensions (written): 15.4 × 6.6 cm.
Foliation: Neither foliated nor paginated.


15 lines per page.

Ruled in double red. 2 columns (verse). Rubrications in red. Catchwords.


F.2r: the date 1128 is marked in the margin. Persian letters s.h. or s.h. then j are marked against many poems in the margin in red ink (less commonly: ṭ.kh).


Reddish brown, European style. Plain paper doublures (watermarked). Dimensions: 20.3 × 11.3 × 5 cm. Unboxed. Polier's number: 404.


Origin: Lucknow; 1 Rabīʿ II 1196 AH; 16 Mar 1782 CE

Provenance and Acquisition

The "Pote Collection" arrived in England from India in 1790 and was divided between the Colleges of Eton and King's, Cambridge, with the first half alphabetically going to King's. Both halves of the collection are now housed in Cambridge University Library on permanent loan. Most if not all of the manuscripts had previously been owned by Colonel Antoine-Louis Henri Polier (1741–1795).

Gift of Edward Ephraim Pote (d.1832) in 1788.

Record Sources


All manuscripts of the Pote Collection are on permanent loan at Cambridge University Library. Entry to read in the Library is permitted only on presentation of a valid reader's card for admissions procedures consult Cambridge University Library. Contact near_eastern@lib.cam.ac.uk for further information on the availability of this manuscript

Funding of Cataloguing

King's College Cambridge


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