Summary of Contents: al-ʾAlfīyah fī al-naḥv
or al-Khulāṣah fī al-naḥv is a work by Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh Ṭāʾī Jīyānī knwon as Ibn Mālik
(died 672 AH), where he has presented a versified account of the Arabic syntax in 1000 couplets, hence known as Alfīyah. It has been the focus of attention of many scholars, and many commentaries have been written on it. Awz̤aḥ al-Masālik ilá alfīyah Ibn Mālik
, later known as al-Tawz̤īḥ, is one of these commentaries written by Jamāl al-Dīn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Yūsuf Anṣārī Miṣrī
known as Ibn Hishām. The current copy is a supercommentary by Abū al-Valīd Zayn al-Dīn Khālid ibn ʿAbd Allāh Azharī Shāfiʿī (died 905 AH) on that commentary. He was a scholar of the Arabic language, contemporary to ʿAbd al-Raḥmān Jāmī and Jalāl al-Dīn Sayūṭī, and wrote this work in 896 AH.
Incipit: || … الرابعه اذا تقدم المستثنی علی المستثنی منه…
Explicit: … والحمد لله الذی هدانا لهذا و ما کنا لنهتدی… وافق الفراغ منه یوم عرفه من شهور سنه ست و تسعین و ثمانی مایه.
Colophon: تم شرح الشیخ العلامه جمالالدین بن هشام للشیخ العلامه المرحوم الشیخ زینالدین خالد النحوی الازهری… فی یوم الاربعاء المبارک سابع شهر محرم المحرم من شهور سنه اثنین و ستین و الف و صلی الله علی… و الحمد لله رب العالمین تم.
Sequence Number in the Persian Catalogue:
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Support: Western paper (watermark), natural buff, regular thickness, one size, glossy; the selected excerpts for annotation are in cinnabar.
Dimensions (leaf): 30 × 20 cm.
Dimensions (written): 21 × 13 cm.
The paper is damaged and infested.
Graceful, cursive Naskh, one hand, regular; Comment-text book
Additions: Ownership note on f.1a, with some poetry in Arabic.
Cardboard with leather spine, 21 × 13 cm, front + back cover
Cover has been affected and damaged.
Origin: Unknown place of origin; 7 Muḥarram 1062 AH; 1652 CE
Provenance and Acquisition
Donated to The Ferdowsi Library by Dr Caro Minasian in 1972.