Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

Delhi Persian 484 (Oriental Manuscripts, British Library)

India Office Library

Letters of Muhmud Gavan


1 copy of Manāẓir al-inshā’ by Maḥmūd Gāwān̲, 1411?-1481

Treatise on the art of formal and refined epistolary composition by the great Bahmanid minister, Maḥmūd ibn Muḥammad Gīlānī (d. 886/1481)

The work consists of a muqaddimah, seven faṣl on figures of speech, followed by several maqāmah divided into five manāẓir, concluding with a khātimah on the rules of Arabic and Persian spelling

Not dated; circa eighteenth century

Language(s): Persian & Arabic

Physical Description

Form: codex
Extent: 154 ff.
Dimensions (leaf): 235 × 127 mm.
Dimensions (written):



Origin: 18th century CE ; India

Record Sources

Based on unpublished description in Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts in the India Office Library, vol. 3. Available on British Library Digitised Manuscripts, manuscript number: MSS Eur E207/26_f036r


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