Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

IO Islamic 3874 (Oriental Manuscripts, British Library)

India Office Library

Hafiz-i Abru's geography, books 1-2


1 copy of Jughrāfiyā-yi Ḥāfiẓ Abrū by Ḥāfiẓ Abrū

Geographical history begun in 817 under the orders of the Timurid ruler Mīrzā Shāh Rukh ibn Amīr Tīmūr bringing the history of Khurāsān down to 821, the latest event mentioned being the death of Amīrzādah Saʿd Vaqqās

Consists of books 1-2, but defective at end

Lacking colophon or date

Datable to late-sixteenth-century Shiraz, Safavid Iran

Seal partially obliterated (f. 1r), but probably is that of the Iranian minister, Muḥammad Shafīʿ

Transcribed by multiple hands in nastaʿlīq

Large illuminated double page openings (ff. 4v-5r, 7v-8r, 175v-176r), with bold sarlawḥ and ʿunvān designs on folios 4v, 7v, and 175v

Illuminated diagram of the known world organised schematically into climes or aqālīm (ff. 6v-7r), with further tables and genealogical diagrams interspersed throughout, some sketched roughly

Annotations throughout, many cropped

Covers not original: tooled leather binding, with red cartouches aligned centrally

Loose folio (f. 174)

IOL stamp: 26 May 1910

Microfilm reference: IOL Neg 1267

Flyleaves at end, emblem of 3 feathered tophats with the cipher AFG below

Language(s): Persian

Copied from an original =-=-=-=-

Physical Description

Form: codex
Extent: 362 ff
Dimensions (leaf): 365 × 235 mm.


Origin: Second half of 16th century CE


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Funding of Cataloguing



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