Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

IO Islamic 3931 (Oriental Manuscripts, British Library)

Irvine Collection

Gawhar-i 'Alam


1 copy of Gawhar-i ʿālam tuḥfatan li-al-Shāh ʿĀlam by Muḥammad Aslam Munʿimī

History of Kashmir, written between circa 1190 / 1776 to 1200 / 1786, and dedicated by the author to Shāh ʿAlam (r. 1759-86)

Based on the work Vāqiʿāt-i Kashmīr by Khvājah Muḥammad Aʿẓam (possibly the present author's father)

Consists of the muqaddimah and an incomplete fifth ṭabaqah, containing an account on the Timurids or Moguls, ending with the year 1150

Author's full name is: Badīʿ al-Dīn Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad Aslam 'Munʿimī' ibn Mawlavī Muḥammad Aʿẓam Kawl 'Mustaghnī'

The work may be identical with the works Gawharnāmah-yi ʿĀlam and Gawhar-i ʿĀlam

Language(s): Persian
Filiation: Note by W. Irvine (f. 1r): "Through E. D. Ross 7 Mch 1903. Extracts from Ms D66 of Asiatic Society of Bengal. Tarikhi Kashmir (519 folios)..."

Physical Description

Form: codex
Extent: ff 64
Dimensions (leaf): 276 × 211 mm.


Small, neat nastaʿlīq. Transcribed without diacritics or nuqaṭ




Origin: 1903 CE ; India

Provenance and Acquisition

William Irvine


William Irvine

Record Sources

Based on unpublished description in Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts in the India Office Library, vol. 3. Available on British Library Digitised Manuscripts, manuscript number: MSS Eur E207/7_f056r


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Funding of Cataloguing



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