Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

IO Islamic 3996 (Oriental Manuscripts, British Library)

Irvine Collection

Letters, Mirza Mazhar Jan-i Janan


1 copy of a work by Mīrzā "Maẓhar" Jān-i Jānān

Untitled collection of tractates comprised primarily of 1) letters (7 in toto) by Mīrzā Shams al-Dīn Ḥabīb Allāh, better known as Mīrzā Maẓhar, the founder of the Shamsīyah Maz̤harīyah branch of the ṣūfī Naqshbanadīyah ṭarīqat, addressed to numerous contemporaries (for example, Ḥāfiẓ Raḥmat Khān, Aḥmad Shāh Abdālī, etcetera); 2) a brief account of Mīrzā Maẓhar's martydom or death on the day of ʿāshūrāʾ (10 Muḥarram 1195 / 1781); 3) an unrelated letter authored by Shāh Valī Allāh Dihlavī

One letter is dated 1181 / 1767-8

The letters of Mīrzā Maẓhar are largely focussed on recording and commenting on contemporary political events, containing notable biographical details

The undated letter by Shāh Valī Allāh Dihlavī focusses on prognostications fulfilled in the late 1600s and early 1700s

Not dated

Language(s): Persian

Filiation: Copied from a draft text or bayāz̤, the origins of which are not recorded

Physical Description

Form: codex
Extent: 4 ff.
Dimensions (leaf): 254 × 165 mm.


Rough and rushed nastaʿlīq. Scribe: Muḥammad ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz




Origin: 1898 CE ; India

Provenance and Acquisition

William Irvine


William Irvine

Record Sources

Based on unpublished description in Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts in the India Office Library, vol. 3. Available on British Library Digitised Manuscripts, manuscript number: MSS Eur E207/9_f261r


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Funding of Cataloguing



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