Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

IO Islamic 4092 (Oriental Manuscripts, British Library)

India Office Library

Munazirah-yi tegh va qalam


1 copy of Munāẓirah-'i tīgh va qalam by Qummī, Masʿūd

Mas̲navī on an allegorical debate between sword and pen, composed in 867/1462-3 according to a chronogram omitted from this copy

Illuminated with a highly refined ʿunvān (damaged) (f. 1v), and multicolour ruled margins; calligraphic nastaʿlīq of fluctuating quality; rubrics in white naskh over ornamented ʿunvāns

Scribe: Muḥammad Qivām

Not dated

Condition: brittle folios with gauze overlay; many folios detached; many catchwords cropped

Provenance: according to a letter inserted loosely, the ms was a gift of the National Art-Collections Fund, made by Hon. Secretaries, Sir Isidore Spielmann and Robert C Witt, to the India Office, 7 December 1917

Language(s): Persian

Physical Description

Form: codex
Extent: 85 ff.
Dimensions (leaf): 200 × 130 mm.
Dimensions (written):



Origin: 17th century CE ; Iran, Shiraz

Record Sources

Based on unpublished description in Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts in the India Office Library, vol. 3. Available on British Library Digitised Manuscripts, manuscript number: MSS Eur E207/18_f063r


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