Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

IO Islamic 4246 (Oriental Manuscripts, British Library)

India Office Library

Fath Ali Shah's letter to Gore Ouseley on terms of new treaty


1 copy of Farmān

Edict or farmān with the seal of Fatḥ ʿAlī Shāh (dated 1217/1802) and invocation, addressesed to Gore Ouseley, the English ambassador, noting the submission of his petition and good service, alongside the courtier, Mīrzā Abū al-Ḥasan Khān; terms for new treaty under royal consideration, Ouseley's questions regarding terms will be answered; maktūbāt or documents will be issued, some farmāns with explanatory appendices or z̲ayl, which Ouseley may complete; Ouseley to speedily submit his terms in petitions

Interlinear lists of weapons (tūp, shamshīr, ṭapānchah, chaqmāq'sāz, ) inserted towards the end of the edict

Additional terms and conditions inscribed in right margin

Dated: Shaʿbān 1228/August 1813

Shikastah āmīz; gold ṭughrā style invocation and shikastah āmīz invocation at top

Irregularly cropped, stained, old fold lines, and creases

IOL stamp: 1 May 1919

Seal impressions on the reverse: Muḥammad Ḥusayn 1214; Muḥammad Yūsuf; Muḥammad 1222; Muḥammad Ṣādiq 1218; Muḥammad Shafīʿ; ʿAbd al-Vahhāb al-Mūsavī 1225; Faraydūn [Mīrzā] 1224; Muḥammad Kāẓim 12...(?); Zayn al-ʿĀbidīn

Watermark on very poor quality paper with visible thinning: Cyrillic inscriptions without visible date

Language(s): Persian & English & Russian
Title: Farmān
Title: فرمان

Physical Description

Form: leaf
Extent: 1 ff.
Dimensions (leaf): 420 × 323 mm.
Dimensions (written):



Origin: Shaʿbān 1228 AH; August 1813 CE ; Iran & India


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Funding of Cataloguing



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