Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

Or 16386 (Oriental Manuscripts, British Library)

Oriental Manuscripts

Persian translation of Hisn-e Hasin


The al-Ḥiṣn al-ḥaṣīn min kalām Sayyid al-Mursalīn, a compilation of prayers derived from Hadiths of the Prophet, with an interlinear Persian translation. The Arabic original was compiled by the prolific religious scholar Abū l-Khayr Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Jazarī, commonly known as Ibn al-Jazarī (d. 833/1429), of Damascus. He completed this work in 791/1389.

For the author see M. Ben Cheneb, ‘Ibn al-Djazarī’, EI2, III, p. 753. The Arabic text was published at Cairo in 1279/1862-3 and 1315/1897-8, at Algiers in 1328/1910, and at Calcutta in 1329/1911. An Urdu translation was printed at Delhi in 1871. The Lucknow edition of 1877 contains two commentaries: one in Arabic by ‘Alī al-Qārī, and another in Persian, entitled al-Ḥirz al-rasīn, by Fakhr al-Dīn Muḥibb Allah. Al-Nuskhat al-Jazariyya, as the Delhi edition of 1888 is called, contains a commentary in Arabic by Muftī Muḥammad Aḥsan and one in Persian by Zakariyyā Anṣārī.

Of the Persian translations, one was made by Abū Bakr ibn Muḥammad Bihrujī in 910/1505 for Maḥmūd Shah, ruler of Gujarat 863-917/1459-1511. The other, with a detailed commentary (254 folios in all), was completed in 996/1587 by Ḥājjī Muḥammad Kashmīrī. See I.O. Islamic 883 and 228 respectively (Ethé, IOL, I, cols. 1433-1434).

On some pages of the present manuscript a few letters of the Persian translation have been lost or made illegible by wear. Numerous notes and corrections in the margins.

Text begins: Basmala Lā ilāh illā Llāh ‘udda li-liqāyih Allāhumm ṣall ‘alà Sayyid al-khalq Muḥammad va ālih va ṣaḥbih al-ṭāhirīn va sallim Qāl al-faqīr ... Ba-nām-i Khudā Rūzī-dihanda Mīgūyam ba hama-’i mu’minān Lā ilah illā Llāh-rā ya‘nī tamām-i kalima-’i ṭayyib barā-’i taḥṣīl-i zakhīra barā-’i dīdār-i Ḥaqq va dukhūl-i Jannat

Ends: Fa-qad ḥall bihim mā la yarfa‘uh ghayruk va lā yadfu‘uh sivāk Allāhumm farrij ‘annā yā Karīm yā Arḥam al-rāḥimīn Pas taḥqīq [...] bar īshan balāyī ki bar nadārad ān bālā-rā ghayr-i Tū va dāf‘-i ānrā kasī nakunad sivā-yi Tū Khudāvandā dūr kun bālā-rā az mā ay Buzurgtar az hama ay Bakhshandatar az bakhshandagan

Other contents: f. 1r-2r, miscellaneous owners’ notes, largely scrawled and/or smudged, including prayers and verses; 147r, verses from the Qur’ān, etc.

Undated: probably 13th/19th century.

Arabic text in good, clear black naskhī script. Persian in clear red nasta‘līq. 10 lines per page in each language, except that a second line is sometimes used for brief explanations in Persian. Text frames in black, gold, and black; similar frames in borders near outer edge. Thin, brittle light brown paper, stained from use and damp; f. 1, 2 and 147 poorly repaired. 147 folios. 210 x 118 mm.; text area 125 x 65 mm. Marbled endpapers. Brown half morocco binding, lettered ‘AL-HISN / AL-NASIN (sic) / MUḤAMMAD / AL-JAZARI / MS. IN / ARABIC’; front cover loose.

Formerly MS. 295 in the collection of Mr. C.S. Mundy.

Language(s): Persian & Arabic

Physical Description

Form: codex
Extent: 147 f.
Dimensions (leaf): 210 × 118 mm.
Dimensions (written):



Origin: 19th century CE ; India?

Record Sources

Based on unpublished description in M.I. Waley, Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts acquired 2000-2014.


Entry to read in the Library is permitted only on presentation of a valid reader's card for admissions procedures contact British Library, Registering for a Reader Pass. Contact apac-enquiries@bl.uk for further information on the availability of this manuscript. For information on catalogues and ordering manuscripts see Finding and ordering Persian manuscripts in the British Library.

Funding of Cataloguing



Comment on this record

Please fill out your details.

How are we using your feedback? See our privacy policy.

See the Availability section of this record for information on viewing the item in a reading room.