Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

Delhi Persian 1010 (Oriental Manuscripts, British Library)

India Office Library

Miscellaneous works on Sufism by Khvajah Ahrar, 2 items (a-b)


Summary of Contents: Summary: Collection of two works on or by the Naqshbandi Sufi, Khvājah Aḥrār. Volume not dated; item a dated 15 Ramaz̤ān 1059/22 September 1649; later replacements. Careful scribal nastaʿlīq, with shikastah āmīz and Indian taʿlīq. Annotations and corrections in margins. Stamped and Persian foliation. Lacking original binding. Binding damaged (tooled reddish brown leather exterior embellished with medallions, fine combed marbled paper pasted in two layers as doublures). Folios unbound; cropped, wormholes, later repairs; text damaged by stains and smudging. Condition fragile.
1. ff. 1v-50r

Item a.

Untitled collection of the dicta or fiqarāt ascribed to the Ṣūfī saint, Khvājah ʿUbayd Allāh Aḥrār (d. circa 895/1490).

Dated colophon (f. 50r): completed at Akbarābād (Agra), Wednesday, 15 Ramaz̤ān 1059/22 September 1649.

Careful scribal nastaʿlīq. Folio 1 is a replacement by a later hand in rough Indian taʿlīq, similar to that found in item b.

Interlinear annotations and corrections as well as in margins.

Two letters of Khvājah ʿAbd al-Bāqī reproduced on folio 50v.

Language(s): Persian and Arabic
2. ff. 51r-56v

Item b.

Rare treatise on the tenets of the Naqshbandi school of Sufism by Sayyid Naṣīr al-Dīn ʿUbayd Allāh Aḥrār Ghijduvānī, known as Khvājah Aḥrār (d. 895/1490), conventionally thought to be lost, and later translated into Chaghatay Turkic by the Timurid or Mughal ruler, Emperor Ẓahīr al-Dīn Muḥammad Bābur (d. 937/1530).

The work was written at the request of the author’s father, hence the title.

Not dated at end.

Oblique scribal shikastah āmīz continuing from folio 55 in rough Indian taʿlīq, probably by a different hand, similar to the replacement folio beginning item a.

Language(s): Persian and Arabic

Physical Description

Form: codex
Extent: 56 ff. (+1)
Dimensions (leaf): 237 × 135 mm.
Dimensions (written):



Origin: 15 Ramaz̤ān 1059 (22 September 1649 - 1750) AH Akbarābād (Agra), Uttar Pradesh State ; India, Agra

Record Sources

Based on unpublished description in Catalogue of Persian Manuscripts in the India Office Library, vol. 3. Available on British Library Digitised Manuscripts, manuscript number: MSS Eur E207/3_f005r


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