Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

Persian MS 1001 (The John Rylands Research Institute and Library, The University of Manchester)

Persian Manuscripts


Summary of Contents: The first of three volumes of a Dīvān of Ḥāfiẓ (ca. 1315–1390), together with Persian MS 1002 and 1003. Orientalist William Francklin (1763–1839) acquired the manuscript in 1794. He notes ‘...the whole collated with upwards of 40 other MSS. by Wm Bruce of Lucknow’, which probably refers to William Bruce (d. 1783), who also sponsored other manuscripts. Subsequently purchased by Manchester's Chetham Library in circa 1800, then-librarian John Haddon Hindley references these volumes in his English translations of select ghazals.
Title: Dīvān
Title: دیوان
Language(s): Persian

In his appendix to his translation, p. iii, Hindley explictly describes this manuscript as "purchased into the Chetham Library after these Papers were prepared for the Press..." provides a catalogue description on p. ix, then list the contents on pp. 1–28. One of ten copies of this work held in the Rylands, for others see Persian MS 14, 34, 50, 262, 263, 288, 563, 842, 945, and 946.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Textblock of cross-grained, externally sized and polished, ivoury-coloured paper probably handmade in the Safavid Empire with ~9 laid lines per cm and no discernible chain lines. Interleaved with European paper.
Extent: Undetermined folios, 2 flyleaves (ff. i + 0 + i).
Dimensions (leaf): 222 × 168 mm.
Dimensions (written): 174 × 102 mm.


Written in 1 to 2 columns with 20 lines per page. Ruled with a misṭarah hand guide.


Written in clear black nasta‘līq.


Probably rebound in Britain for Chetham library in full sheepskin.

227 × 178 × 32 mm.

Handle binding with caution. In poor condition, with joints broken, headcaps torn, and exteriors worn.


Origin: Probably completed in Bengal before 1794 CE

Provenance and Acquisition

Subsequently obtained, possibly in Lucknow, in 1794 by Bengal Army officer, orientalist, and travel writer William Francklin (1763–1839), who spent over four decades serving in India. An early member of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, he would ultimately serve as its librarian sometime after his return to England until his death.

Evidently purchased, possibly from Francklin, by Chetham Library, Manchester in circa 1800.

Purchased from Chetham Library by the John Rylands Library, together with other oriental manuscripts for £2000 in 1981.

Record Sources

Bibliographical description derived from an unpublished hand-list of additional Persian manuscripts.

Manuscript description by Jake Benson in 2023 .


To book an in-person or online appointment to consult the manuscript, visit Using the Special Collections Reading Rooms. For any other enquiries please email uml.special-collections@manchester.ac.uk.


Funding of Cataloguing

The John Rylands Research Institute and Library

The Soudavar Memorial Foundation


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