Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

Persian MS 994 (The John Rylands Research Institute and Library, The University of Manchester)

Persian Manuscripts


Summary of Contents: An undated Qiṣṣah-ʼi Chahār Darvīsh (Tale of Four Dervishes) often erroneously attributed to medieval poet Amīr Khusraw Dihlavī (ca. 1253–1325); however, the text likely dates much later.
Colophon: No colophon
Language(s): Persian

For another copy of this work, see Persian MS 515.

Physical Description

Form: codex
Dimensions (leaf): × mm.
Dimensions (written):



Hastily written in black nasta‘līq.




Provenance and Acquisition

Formerly in the possession of J. O'Kinealy (1839–1903), who served in the judicial branch of the India Civil Service in Bengal from 1861 to 1899, ultimately as Puisne Judge of the Calcutta High Court in 1883. An avid language scholar and collector, after his death, his family sold his library through the London firm of Sotheby, Wilkinson, and Hodge on 15 to 17 of January, 1906.

Subsequently acquired by University of Manchester Professor J. A. Boyle (1916–1978) from an unknown source.

Bequeathed by J. A. Boyle to the University of Manchester, Feb. 1990

Record Sources

Bibliographical description derived from an unpublished handlist of additional Persian manuscripts.

Manuscript description by Jake Benson in 2023 with reference to the volume in hand.


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    A. F. L. Beeston, Catalogue of the Persian, Turkish, Hindûstânî, and Pushtû Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Part III (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1954), p. 17, no. 2516 [Bodleian. Ms. Ind. Inst. Persian 92].
    H. Ethé, Catalogue of Persian manuscripts in the library of the India Office, Vol. 1 (London: Printed for the India Office by H. Hart, 1903), cols. 505–506, nos. 739–742 [British Library, IO Islamic 3480, &c.].
    C. Rieu, Catalogue of the Persian manuscripts in the British Museum, Vol. II (London: British Museum1881), p. 762 [British Library Add. 8917, &c.].
    E. Sachau and H. Ethé, Catalogue of the Persian, Turkish, Hindûstani, and Pushtû manuscripts in the Bodleian Library, Vol. I (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1889), col. 423–424, no. 443 [Bodleian MS Ouseley 221].
    C. A. Storey [Online] (2021), Persian Literature: A Bio-bibliographical Survey, Vol. III, Pt. 3 Tales no. 809 (200).

Funding of Cataloguing

Soudavar Memorial Foundation and The John Rylands Research Institute

The John Rylands Research Institute and Library

The Soudavar Memorial Foundation


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