Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

Add. 18188 (St. Pancras, British Library)

Asian and African Studies


1 copy of Shāhnāmah by 2 authors

Shāhnāmah without preface. Copied in 891/1486 by Ghiyās al-Dīn Bāyazīd Ṣarrāf and illustrated with 72 miniatures in the Turkman/Timurid style.

Language(s): Persian

Physical Description

Form: codex
Extent: 500 f.
Dimensions (leaf): 349 × 241 mm.





Gold-ruled margins

72 miniatures

2 illumination

Rich ʻunwān

Kai Kā'us and his flying machine.

Rustam killing Suhrāb.

Fire ordeal of Siyāvush watched by Kai Kā'us and Sūdābeh. Ḳuranic text over the balcony.

The severed head of Īraj brough to Farīdūn.

Minūchihr defeating Kākvī in battle.

Zāl and Rūdābeh.

Zāl demonstrating before Minūchihr his prowess in battle.

Kubād defeating Bārmān.

Zāl defeating Khazarvān.

Rustam catching Rakhsh .

Rakhsh attacking the lion while Rustam sleeps.

Rakhsh helping Rustam defeat the dragon.

Rustam killing the witch woman.

Rustam capturing Ūlād.

Rustam fighting Arzhang.

Rustam killing the White Dīv.

Siyāvush defeating Dāmur and Garvī before Garsīvaz.

Siyāvush having his throat cut by Garvī while Garsīvaz catches the blood in a bowl.

Zavāreh killing Surkheh to avenge the death of Siyāvush.

Rustam defeating Pīlsam.

Kai Khusrau enthroned.

Farūd killing Rīvnīz on Mt. Sipad watched by Ṭūs.

Battle between the armies of Ṭūs and Farūd.

Bīzhan killing Balāshān in battle.

Tazhāv cutting Bahrām's arm off.

Rustam shooting Ashkabūs and his horse.

Rustam fighting Shangal.

Rustam dragging the Khāḳān of Chīn off his elephant in battle.

Gustaham leading the Iranian army against the city of Bīdād. (Inscription 'Al-Sulṭan' over the gates).

Rustam wrestling with Pūlādvand.

The sleeping Rustam hurled into the sea by Akvān.

Bīzhan killing the wild boars watched by Gurgīn.

Bīzhan visiting Manīzheh.

Rustam rescuing Bīzhan from the pit.

Battle between Gīv and Luhhāk.

Battle between Hajīr and Sipahram.

Kai Khusrau killing Shīda (Pashang).

Kai Khusrau and Rustam fighting Afrāsiyāb.

Kai Khusrau crossing the sea on his way to Gang-dizh.

Isfandiyār killing Bīdarafsh.

Gushtāsp killing the dragon.

Isfandiyār taking Gurgsār prisoner.

Gurgsār guiding Isfandiyār and his army.

Rustam kicking away the boulder rolled on him by Bahman, watched by Zavāreh.

Rustam shooting Isfandiyār in the eyes with his magic forked arrow.

Rustam on Rakhsh impaled in the pit of spears shooting Shaghād through the tree.

Iskandar comforting the dying Dārā.

Iskandar killung Fūr in battle.

Iskandar visiting the Brahmans.

Mourners kneeling by Iskandar's coffin.

Ardashīr feeding the worm with molten metal on the roof of the Brazen Fort.

Shāpūr fighting the army of Turan.

Bahrām Gūr demonstrating his hunting prowess before Āzādeh who is playing a chang.

Bahrām Gūr entertained by Lambak the water carrier.

Bahrām Gūr entertained by peasants after he had killed the dragon.

Bahrām Gūr showing off his prowess at wrestling before Shangal.

Shāpūr watching fetters put on Sūfrā'ī.

Anūshīrvān enthroned.

Anūshīrvān setting out with his army for Rūm.

Nūshzād killed by Rām Barzīn in battle.

Batlle between the armies of Ṭalḥand and Gav.

Anūshīrvān recognising the dead Mahbūd's horses as they are led by.

The battle between the armies of Ghātḳar and the Khāḳān of Chīn.

Anūshīrvān and Buzurjmihr.

The scribes and priests later poisoned by Hurmuzd in conversation with him.

Bahrām Chūbin about to capture Sāveh.

Khusrau Parvīz visiting the hermit on his way to Rūm.

Battle between Khusrau Parvīz and Bahrām Chūbin.

Bahrām Chūbin killing the lion-ape.

Ḳulūn being set upon by Bahrām Chūbin's retainers after he had killed their masters.

Khusrau Parvīz arriving at Shīrīn's castle.

Shīrūy stabbing Khusrau Parvīz to death.


Origin: Jumāda II 891 (1486) AH

Record Sources

Manuscript description based on Rieu 1876-83 p. 535 and Titley 1977, pp. 45-6


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Funding of Cataloguing



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