Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

RSPA 221 (Oriental Manuscripts, British Library)

India Office Library

Ashburner Collection

Royal Society Arabic and Persian

Zoroastrian prayer-book



A collection of Niyāyish, Yasht, Gāh, Patet and Āfrīnagān, beginning with the Khurshēd niyāyish (ff. 1r-5r), followed by the Mihr niyāyish (ff. 5r-7v), the Māh niyāyish (ff. 7v-10v), the Ūrmazd yasht (ff. 10v-18r), the Ardībihisht yasht (ff. 18r-23r), and other works including the Bahman yasht (f. 55v-68v).

Colophon (f. 55v) states that the copy was made by Iskandar son of Mullā Gushtāsp Bahrām Farāmarz Isfandyār Rustam Ardashīr on the day Mihr of the month Ardībihist 1196 qadīm or 26 Rabiʻ I 1243 (17 October 1827) for Siyāvakhsh Ūrmazdyār Siyāvakhsh Rustam.

F. 55r is blank and a blank slip of paper has been added between ff. 76 and 77.

Language(s): Avestan in Persian script and Persian

An unidentified poem in Persian in a different hand comprising 154 verses.

Language(s): Persian

Physical Description

Form: codex
Extent: ff. i+126+i
Dimensions (leaf):
Dimensions (written):

European numerals in pencil.


The verses are arranged in two columns.


Black nastaʻliq.


Headings in red;



Leather European-style Indian binding with gilt borders and central panel containing gilt stamped medallion

Accompanying Material


Origin: India/>

Provenance and Acquisition

RSPA 119-265 were presented to the Royal Society between 1864 and 1865 by Burjorjee Sorabjee Ashburner; bookplate:"Presented to the Royal Society / by Mr. Burjorjee Sorabjee Ashburner / May 1864".

The Royal Society's collection of 280 Persian and Arabic, and 86 Sanskrit manuscripts were transferred to the India Office Library in 1876.


India Office Library

Record Sources

Manuscript description based on E. Denison Ross and E. G. Browne, Catalogue of two collections of Persian and Arabic manuscripts preserved in the India Office Library (London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1902), p. 134 no. 221


Entry to read in the Library is permitted only on presentation of a valid reader's card for admissions procedures contact British Library, Registering for a Reader Pass. Contact apac-enquiries@bl.uk for further information on the availability of this manuscript. For information on catalogues and ordering manuscripts see Finding and ordering Persian manuscripts in the British Library.


Funding of Cataloguing




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