Persian MS 28 (The John Rylands Library, The University of Manchester)
Persian foliation in ink, with folio 1 omitted from numbering.
Persian foliation has been corrected in pencil.
Sixteen miniatures, probably of the mid 16th century. Noteworthy features include the form of turban worn by the male characters, the prominence given to tigers in the animal scenes, a fondness for mauve and yellow and non-Persian forms of thrones, crowns, swords, interior architecture, tents, the sun, moon and sky. The spindly trees are also characteristic of Western Indian manuscripts and are without parallel sixteenth-century Persian miniatures. These characteristics seem to point to somewhere in non-Mughal India in the mid-sixteenth century. Remains of fine illuminated heading at the beginning of the text (central panel lost and later replaced) and intercolumnar band of fine illumination.
Late oriental binding of black morocco (recornered and rebacked) with remains of gilt paper inlay.
Provenance and Acquisition
Damaged colophon on folio 97a gives the copyist's name as Yusuf.
Formerly part of the collection of the Persian scholar Nathaniel Bland (1803-1865). Bland’s oriental manuscripts were sold through Bernard Quaritch in 1866 to Alexander Lindsay, 25th Earl of Crawford.
Purchased by Enriqueta Rylands, on behalf of the John Rylands Library, in 1901 from James Ludovic Lindsay, 26th Earl of Crawford.
Bibliographical description based on an index created by Reza Navabpour circa 1993. Identification of provenance based on manuscript catalogue by Michael Kerney, circa 1890s.
Manuscript description based on B.W. Robinson, Persian Paintings in the John Rylands Library: A Descriptive Catalogue (London, 1980).
Funding of Cataloguing
Iran Heritage Foundation and The John Rylands Research Institute