Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

Persian MS 922 (The John Rylands Research Institute and Library, The University of Manchester)

Persian Manuscripts


Summary of Contents: The Farhang-i Jahāngīrī (Dictionary of Jahāngīr), a Persian lexicon entitled compiled, completed, and dedicated to the Mughal emperor Jahāngīr (b. r. 1605–1626) by Ḥusayn ibn Ḥasan Injū Shīrāzī (d. ca. 1626) in 1603. It relates definitions for ancient and middle Persian words, including terms found in the Avesta and commentaries, metaphorical and technical terms, as well as words of composite and foreign origin. This complete copy, albeit undated and unsigned, probably dates to the 18th century India.
Incipit: (basmala) برگ ۱پ (folio 1b): آنگه بر لوح زبانها حرف اول نام اوست آن همیگوید آله این ایزدان تنگری
Explicit: برگ ۲۳۳ر (folio 390b): حلوه ییل بزبان عبری نام حق سبخانه و تعالی است.
Colophon: No colophon.
Language(s): Persian

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Textblock of very fine, thin-weight, straight-grained, ivory-coloured paper probably handmade in the Indian subcontinent with 8 laid lines per cm and no discernible chain lines.
Extent: 398 folios, 2 flyleaves (ff. iii + 398 + iii).
Dimensions (leaf): 384 × 216 mm.
Dimensions (written): 270 × 137 mm.
Foliation: Starting with 3b, foliated in black Hindu-Arabic numerals on the upper-right corners of most b sides throughout, albeit many later trimmed and disordered. Systematic from 1b to 178b, then jumps from 219b to 242b, then back down to 211b to 218b then 179b to 296b, the latter duplicated, then returns back to 291a to 390b.


Undetermined. Catchwords throughout most of the lower-left corners of the b sides.


In fair condition, with moderate water and insect damage and historical repairs throughout.


Written in 1 column with 27 lines per page. Ruled with a misṭarah hand guide.


Written in clear black nasta‘līq with subheaders in red.


Illumination: Folios 1b and 317b bear scalloped domed headpieces with gilt palmette foliate scrollwork on dark blue grounds, with the surroundinggilt palmette and floral scollwork margins.

Ruling: Folios 1b and 2a ruled in gold outlined with thin black lines, and surrounded by another single line. The margins of folios 2b onwards ruled with single lines of ultramarine blue.

Inscriptions: Bookplate and label: Left pastedown: ‘Bibliotheca Lindesiana’ with pencilled shelfmark ‘2/A’, and ‘Persian MSS No. 922’.


Probably rebound in Britain, in the early 19th century.

Resewn on five recessed cords laced into pasteboards, with added 'shell' patterned marbled endpaper stiff-leaved with medium-weight, straight-grained ivory-coloured English handmade paper, with ~9 laid lines per cm and ~23 mm between chain lines, watermarked with the East India Company insignia ( 106 × 57 mm. ) and countermarked ‘J. Whatman 1811 ( 39 × 163 mm. ), manufactured by the Whatman Paper Mill in Maidstone, Kent, then owned and operated by William Balston (1759–1849). and decorative front-bead endbands sewn over a single round core in white and blue silk threads at head and tail, then boards covered in full red straight-grained Morocco goatskin leather.

Eight spine panels paletted with double fillets and dotted garlands on either side, and central coronets over two crossed spears and three quatrefoil rosettes in the centres, all in gold. Board margins bear foliate and floraiate scrollwork rolls with chain borders betwee, alternating thick solid and and thin dotted diagonal lines on the board edges, and comparatively thick rope tool on the interior dentelles.

397 × 246 × 56 mm.

Binding in fairly good condition, with some abrasion to the exterior, and sewing broken between 98b and 99a.

Several relief-carved, black oval seal impressions bearing the emblem and name of former owner William Hook Morley appears on folios 1a, 316b, 317a, and 390b.

A fleur de lis crowns and protrudes from the mouth of a cat, encircled by a buckled belt bearing inscribed ‘WILLIAM • H • MORLEY • MIDDLE • TEMPLE’.

40 × 28 mm.


Origin: Probably completed in Indian subcontinent; 4 July 1820 CE.

Provenance and Acquisition

Formerly owned by Colonel Charles Joseph Doyle (1787-1848), who served in India as Military Secretary to the Governor-General Lord Moira (later Marquess of Hastings) from 1813 to 1823, and a founder of the Royal Asiatic Society, to which he presented 18 Persian and 2 Arabic manuscripts in 1834, as per his signature on folio 390b..

Subsequently acquired by barrister and Royal Asiatic Society librarian William Hook Morley (1815–1860), after whose death, London bookseller Bernard Quaritch (1819–1899) sold it, one of nine oriental manuscripts, on behalf of his executors to Alexander Lindsay, 25th Earl of Crawford (1812–1880) on 17 Jan. 1867 for £5.

Purchased by Enriqueta Rylands (1843–1908) in 1901 from James Ludovic Lindsay, 26th Earl of Crawford (1847–1913).

Bequeathed by Enriqueta Rylands (1843–1908) in 1908 to the John Rylands Library.

Record Sources

Bibliographical description based on an index created by Reza Navabpour circa 1993, derived from a manuscript catalogue by Michael Kerney, circa 1890s, concisely published as Bibliotheca Lindesiana, Hand-list of Oriental Manuscripts: Arabic, Persian, Turkish, 1898.

Manuscript description by Jake Benson in 2022 with reference to the volume in hand.


To book an in-person or online appointment to consult the manuscript, visit Using the Special Collections Reading Rooms. For any other enquiries please email uml.special-collections@manchester.ac.uk.

Digital Images

Manchester Digital Collections (full digital facsimile)


    Solomon Bayevsky, 'Farhang-e Jahāngīrī', Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. XI, Fasc. 4 (2003) pp. 441–442.
    H. Ethé, Catalogue of Persian manuscripts in the library of the India Office Vol. 1 (London: India Office Library, 1903), col. 343, no. 2481 [BL IO Islamic 850].
    D. N. Marshall, Mughals in India: A Bibliographical Survey. Vol. 1. Manuscripts (Bombay: Asia Publishing House, 1962), p. 225, no. 788(i).
    C. Rieu, Catalogue of the Persian manuscripts in the British Museum, Vol. II (London: British Museum, 1881), pp. 496–497 [BL Add. 16750].
    E. Sachau and H. Ethé, Catalogue of the Persian, Turkish, Hindûstani, and Pushtû manuscripts in the Bodleian Library Vol I (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1889), cols. 1011–1012, no. 1734 [Bodl. Ouseley Add. 121].
    C. Salemann, 'Bericht über die Ausgabe des Miʿjar i Jamālī', Mélanges Asiatiques 9 (St. Petersburg) 9, (1888): pp. 417–594.
    C. A. Storey, Persian Literature: A Bio-bibliographical Survey, Vol. III, Pt. 1 (London: Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, 1984), pp. 26–29, no. 24.

Funding of Cataloguing

Iran Heritage Foundation

The John Rylands Research Institute


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