Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

Wadh.Minasian 273 (The Ferdowsi Library, Wadham College, University of Oxford)

Oriental Manuscripts Minasian Collection


Summary of Contents: This work is a refutation written in response to "Mīzān al-ḥaqq fī al-radd ʿalā al-muslimīn", written by a Christian priest called Henry Martyn (known as Padri). Henry Martyn had initiated a number of objections against Islam and presented them in a treatise. In opposition, a number of scholars stood up to respond, including Ākhund Narāqī in his book, Sayf al-Ummah. Apparently, the answers could not have any effect on his ideas, and he was still determined on his objections, until Muḥammad Riz̤ā ibn Muḥammad Amīn Hamadānī authored Irshād al-muz̤illīn to remove Henry's doubts, a book comprised of an introduction, two "mishkāt"s [disagreements], and a conclusion. The introduction is entitled "Dar Bayān-i vujūb-i takhlīyah-i qalb az shavāʾib-i shukūk va taḥliyah-i ẓāhir va bāṭin bi-ḥilyah-i ṣidq va ṣavāb". The first mishkāt has two "miṣbāḥ"s [enlightments]. The first miṣbāḥ is "Dar bayān-i vujūb-i luṭf bar laṭīf-i baṣīr va vujūb-i aṣlaḥ bar ʿalīm-i khabīr". The second miṣbāḥ is "Dar vujūb-i ʾījād-i ashyāʾ bar naḥv-i aṣlaḥ". The second mishkāt is "Dar bayān-i īrādātī kih kishīsh-i naṣrānī bar fāz̤il-i muʿāṣir namūd". The conclusion is to address some of the religious questions. Muḥammad Riz̤ā Hamadānī had originally compiled his refutations in a more comprehensive book called Miftāḥ al-nubuvvah (published 1240 AH/1825), of which he created a selection under the title of Irshād al-muz̤illīn. The present book is dedicated to Fatḥʿalīshāh.
Language(s): Persian

Kalām (Islamic Scholastic Theology)

Incipit: بسمله، حمدله، پوشیده نماناد که هدایت ارباب درایت و ایقان اگرچه علی الظاهر مترتب است بر دلیل و برهان امّا فی الواقع و نفس‌الامر موقوف است بتوفیقات یزدانی و ارادت ربّانی و دلیل و برهان که مشبع علم و ایقان است…
Explicit: … و کشیش رسالهٔ دیگر نیز نوشته و در آن رساله بارها مطالب دیگر را بخیال خود اثبات نموده که دخلی بطریقهٔ اسلام و ابطال اینمذهب ندارد. ان‌شاءالله اگر خدا توفیق را رفیق سازد خاتمه را در بیان جرح و تعدیل آن رساله خواهم قرار داد. والحمدلله… من التبع الهدی. سنهٔ ۱۲۵۴


Sequence Number in the Persian Catalogue:

  • FAW 60

Similar copies in other libraries:

  • NLI, 3/345

Similar manuscripts listed in other catalogues:

  • ALZ, 1/522
  • DEN, 1/692

On the Web:

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Western paper (watermark), natural buff, varying thickness (thin, regular and thick), glossy.
Extent: 82 ff.
Dimensions (leaf): 21.5 × 15.5 cm.
Dimensions (written): 14 × 9 cm.


16 lines per page.


Shikastah, regular hand, one hand; marginalia in Shikastah. Titles are blank. The copy was scribed with a very elegant script at the time of the author, and could even be scribed by the author himself.

Additions: f. 1a Oval stamp on f. 1a and f. 82a: صبرا لک یا حسین


Light brown leather, 22 × 16 cm, front + back cover, leather + pasteboard.


Origin: 1254 AH; 1838 CE ; Unknown place of origin

Provenance and Acquisition

Donated to The Ferdowsi Library by Dr Caro Minasian in 1972.

Record Sources

This record was created based on the information published in: Mir-Ansari, Ali, Catalogue of the Persian and Arabic Manuscripts in the Ferdowsi Library, Wadham College, University of Oxford (Minasian Collection), Tehran: Miras-e Maktoob, 2016.


Entry to the Library is permitted upon presentation of a valid university ID card (for admissions procedures, please visit Wadham College Library, Persian Studies Section). Please Contact persian.library@wadham.ox.ac.uk for further information on the availability of this manuscript.

Key to bibliographical abbreviations of alternative versions:


AQR: Central Library of Astan Quds Razavi; FAW: Ferdowsi Library, Wadham College, University of Oxford (Minasian Collection); GIE: Great Islamic Encyclopedia Library, Manuscripts; GIP: Great Islamic Encyclopedia Library, Photographed and Microfilmed Manuscripts; GUL: Library of Ayatollah Gulpayigani; MAJ: Library, Museum and Documentation Center of the Islamic Consultative Assembly; MAL: Malek National Museum and Library; MNL: Mar'ashi Najafi Library; NLI: National Library of Iran; SEP: Sepahsalar (Shahid Motahari) Mosque and School of Tehran; TCL: Tabriz Central Public Library; UTL: Central Library of University of Tehran;


ALZ: الذریعه; ARP: فهرست کتاب‌های چاپی عربی; COM: فهرست مشترک نسخه‌های خطی فارسی; DEN: فهرستواره دست‌نوشته‌های ایران (دنا); FAM: فهرست نسخه‌های خطی فارسی; FAP: فهرست کتاب‌های چاپی فارسی; FIH: فهرستواره کتاب‌های فارسی; KAS: کشف الظنون عن اسامی الکتب و الفنون; RAY: ریحانة الادب فی تراجمِ المعروفین بالکنیة او اللّقب; TAB: طبقات اعلام الشیعه.

Funding of Cataloguing

Wadham College (University of Oxford)


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