Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

Wadh.Minasian 273 (The Ferdowsi Library, Wadham College, University of Oxford)

Oriental Manuscripts Minasian Collection


Summary of Contents: This work is a refutation written in response to "Mīzān al-ḥaqq fī al-radd ʿalā al-muslimīn", written by a Christian priest called Henry Martyn (known as Padri). Henry Martyn had initiated a number of objections against Islam and presented them in a treatise. In opposition, a number of scholars stood up to respond, including Ākhund Narāqī in his book, Sayf al-Ummah. Apparently, the answers could not have any effect on his ideas, and he was still determined on his objections, until Muḥammad Riz̤ā ibn Muḥammad Amīn Hamadānī authored Irshād al-muz̤illīn to remove Henry's doubts, a book comprised of an introduction, two "mishkāt"s [disagreements], and a conclusion. The introduction is entitled "Dar Bayān-i vujūb-i takhlīyah-i qalb az shavāʾib-i shukūk va taḥliyah-i ẓāhir va bāṭin bi-ḥilyah-i ṣidq va ṣavāb". The first mishkāt has two "miṣbāḥ"s [enlightments]. The first miṣbāḥ is "Dar bayān-i vujūb-i luṭf bar laṭīf-i baṣīr va vujūb-i aṣlaḥ bar ʿalīm-i khabīr". The second miṣbāḥ is "Dar vujūb-i ʾījād-i ashyāʾ bar naḥv-i aṣlaḥ". The second mishkāt is "Dar bayān-i īrādātī kih kishīsh-i naṣrānī bar fāz̤il-i muʿāṣir namūd". The conclusion is to address some of the religious questions. Muḥammad Riz̤ā Hamadānī had originally compiled his refutations in a more comprehensive book called Miftāḥ al-nubuvvah (published 1240 AH/1825), of which he created a selection under the title of Irshād al-muz̤illīn. The present book is dedicated to Fatḥʿalīshāh.
Language(s): Persian

Kalām (Islamic Scholastic Theology)

Incipit: بسمله، حمدله، پوشیده نماناد که هدایت ارباب درایت و ایقان اگرچه علی الظاهر مترتب است بر دلیل و برهان امّا فی الواقع و نفس‌الامر موقوف است بتوفیقات یزدانی و ارادت ربّانی و دلیل و برهان که مشبع علم و ایقان است…
Explicit: … و کشیش رسالهٔ دیگر نیز نوشته و در آن رساله بارها مطالب دیگر را بخیال خود اثبات نموده که دخلی بطریقهٔ اسلام و ابطال اینمذهب ندارد. ان‌شاءالله اگر خدا توفیق را رفیق سازد خاتمه را در بیان جرح و تعدیل آن رساله خواهم قرار داد. والحمدلله… من التبع الهدی. سنهٔ ۱۲۵۴


Sequence Number in the Persian Catalogue:

  • FAW 60

Similar copies in other libraries:

  • NLI, 3/345

Similar manuscripts listed in other catalogues:

  • ALZ, 1/522
  • DEN, 1/692

On the Web:

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Western paper (watermark), natural buff, varying thickness (thin, regular and thick), glossy.
Extent: 82 ff.
Dimensions (leaf): 21.5 × 15.5 cm.
Dimensions (written): 14 × 9 cm.


16 lines per page.


Shikastah, regular hand, one hand; marginalia in Shikastah. Titles are blank. The copy was scribed with a very elegant script at the time of the author, and could even be scribed by the author himself.

Additions: f. 1a Oval stamp on f. 1a and f. 82a: صبرا لک یا حسین


Light brown leather, 22 × 16 cm, front + back cover, leather + pasteboard.


Origin: 1254 AH; 1838 CE ; Unknown place of origin

Provenance and Acquisition

Donated to The Ferdowsi Library by Dr Caro Minasian in 1972.

Record Sources

This record was created by Dr Mohammad Emami based on the information published in the Persian catalogue by Dr Ali Mir-Ansari (Catalogue of the Persian and Arabic Manuscripts in the Ferdowsi Library, Wadham College, University of Oxford (Minasian Collection), Tehran: Miras-e Maktoob, 2016).


Entry to the Library is permitted upon presentation of a valid university ID card (for admissions procedures, please visit Wadham College Library, Persian Studies Section). Please Contact persian.library@wadham.ox.ac.uk for further information on the availability of this manuscript.

Key to bibliographical abbreviations of alternative versions:


AQR: Central Library of Astan Quds Razavi; FAW: Ferdowsi Library, Wadham College, University of Oxford (Minasian Collection); GIE: Great Islamic Encyclopedia Library, Manuscripts; GIP: Great Islamic Encyclopedia Library, Photographed and Microfilmed Manuscripts; GUL: Library of Ayatollah Gulpayigani; MAJ: Library, Museum and Documentation Center of the Islamic Consultative Assembly; MAL: Malek National Museum and Library; MNL: Mar'ashi Najafi Library; NLI: National Library of Iran; SEP: Sepahsalar (Shahid Motahari) Mosque and School of Tehran; TCL: Tabriz Central Public Library; UTL: Central Library of University of Tehran;


ALZ: الذریعه; ARP: فهرست کتاب‌های چاپی عربی; COM: فهرست مشترک نسخه‌های خطی فارسی; DEN: فهرستواره دست‌نوشته‌های ایران (دنا); FAM: فهرست نسخه‌های خطی فارسی; FAP: فهرست کتاب‌های چاپی فارسی; FIH: فهرستواره کتاب‌های فارسی; KAS: کشف الظنون عن اسامی الکتب و الفنون; RAY: ریحانة الادب فی تراجمِ المعروفین بالکنیة او اللّقب; TAB: طبقات اعلام الشیعه.

Funding of Cataloguing

Wadham College (University of Oxford)


Comment on this record

Please fill out your details.

How are we using your feedback? See our privacy policy.

See the Availability section of this record for information on viewing the item in a reading room.