Union Catalogue of Manuscripts from the Islamicate World

Wadh.Minasian 92 (The Ferdowsi Library, Wadham College, University of Oxford)

Oriental Manuscripts Minasian Collection


Summary of Contents: This is one of the most important and well-known works of Ghazzālī. After resigning from the teaching at Niẓāmiyah of Baghdād, he composed his Sufi meditations and scholarly studies in a book entitled Iḥyāʾ ʿulūm al-dīn. This word is devided into 4 parts, i.e. Acts of worship, Habits, Munjiyāt (Saviors) and Muhlikāt (Annihilators), each divided into 10 books themselves. The current copy is the fourth part, Munjiyāt. This part contains the following books: Repentance, Perseverance and Gratitude, Fear and Hope, Poverty and Piety, Monotheism and Trust, Love and Joy and Intimacy and Satisfaction, Intention and Sincerity and Truth, Meditation and Reflection, Thought, and Mention of Death. The copy begins with the first book (Repentance) and continues up to the "Bāb al-sābiʿ fī ḥaqīqat al-mawt" of the tenth book (Mention of Death), where there is a missing.
Language(s): Arabic


Incipit: بسمله، حمدله، صلوه، امّا بعد فان التوبه عن الذنوب بالرجوع الی ستّار العیوب و علّام الغیوب مبداء طریق السالکین و راس مال الفائزین و اوّل اقدام المریدین و مفتاح استقامه المائلین و مطلع الاصطفاء و الاجتباه للمفرّبین…
Explicit: … قال صلی الله علیه و سلم القبر اما حفره من حفره النیران و اما روضه من ریاض الجنه و هذا نص صریح فی ان الموت معناه تغیر حال فقط و ان ما یکون من مقاوه اطیت عند الموت من غیر تاخر و انما یتاخر بعض انواع العذاب و الثواب دون اهل روی…||
Colophon: None.


Sequence Number in the Persian Catalogue:

  • FAW 15

Similar copies in other libraries:

  • MAL, 1/20
  • NLI, 7/365-366, 383-384

Similar manuscripts listed in other catalogues:

  • FIH, 7/42-43
  • COM, 3/1228
  • FAM, 2/1081

Printed editions:

  • Tehran, 1293 AH
  • Beirut, 1982
  • Cairo, 1988

On the Web:

Physical Description

Form: codex
Support: Natural buff, varying thickness (regular and thick). Rubrication of the copy's main title. Rubricated line above some words. Infestation. Edge mending of initial folios.
Extent: 382 ff.
Dimensions (leaf): 23 × 15.5 cm.
Dimensions (written): 17 × 11.5 cm.


21 lines per page.


Fine cursive Naskh, fairly large hand, several hands.

Additions: Circular stamp on folio 1a. «از عنایات و لطف شاه جهان بندهٔ تقرب خان داوود شد…» «عاطفت و لطف…» Ownership note eliminated on folio 1a.
  • Text written on f. 1a: «الله اکبر … این کتابرا بر طالبان علوم دینیه ابن عنایت‌الله محمد داود مخاطب تقربخان و متولی شرعی گردانید اصلح اولاد خود را ملتمس آن‌که هرگاه از مطالعه این کتاب بهره‌مند گردند واقف را بدعا و فاتحه یاد نمایند.»
  • Text written on f. 1a: «اول من اسلم من … خدیجه و من الصبیان علی بن ابی طالب کرم‌الله وجهه و من الموالی زید بن حارثه و من الرجال ابوبکر الصدیق رضی الله عنه اجمعین.»
  • Text written on f. 1a: «فمن بدله بعد ما سمعه… ان الله سمیع… و کان ذلک فی ذیقعده سنه ثلث و ستین و الف.»
  • Text written on f. 1a: «۱۵ روپیه.»


Black leather, 16 × 24 cm, front + back cover, leather + pasteboard. Branded with gold (a medallion and two half-medallions), ruled.


Origin: Unknown place of origin; 11-12th century Hijrī AH.; 17-18th century. CE

Provenance and Acquisition

Donated to The Ferdowsi Library by Dr Caro Minasian in 1972.

Record Sources

This record was created based on the information published in: Mir-Ansari, Ali, Catalogue of the Persian and Arabic Manuscripts in the Ferdowsi Library, Wadham College, University of Oxford (Minasian Collection), Tehran: Miras-e Maktoob, 2016.


Entry to the Library is permitted upon presentation of a valid university ID card (for admissions procedures, please visit Wadham College Library, Persian Studies Section). Please Contact persian.library@wadham.ox.ac.uk for further information on the availability of this manuscript.

Key to bibliographical abbreviations of alternative versions:


AQR: Central Library of Astan Quds Razavi; FAW: Ferdowsi Library, Wadham College, University of Oxford (Minasian Collection); GIE: Great Islamic Encyclopedia Library, Manuscripts; GIP: Great Islamic Encyclopedia Library, Photographed and Microfilmed Manuscripts; GUL: Library of Ayatollah Gulpayigani; MAJ: Library, Museum and Documentation Center of the Islamic Consultative Assembly; MAL: Malek National Museum and Library; MNL: Mar'ashi Najafi Library; NLI: National Library of Iran; SEP: Sepahsalar (Shahid Motahari) Mosque and School of Tehran; TCL: Tabriz Central Public Library; UTL: Central Library of University of Tehran;


ALZ: الذریعه; ARP: فهرست کتاب‌های چاپی عربی; COM: فهرست مشترک نسخه‌های خطی فارسی; DEN: فهرستواره دست‌نوشته‌های ایران (دنا); FAM: فهرست نسخه‌های خطی فارسی; FAP: فهرست کتاب‌های چاپی فارسی; FIH: فهرستواره کتاب‌های فارسی; KAS: کشف الظنون عن اسامی الکتب و الفنون; RAY: ریحانة الادب فی تراجمِ المعروفین بالکنیة او اللّقب; TAB: طبقات اعلام الشیعه.

Funding of Cataloguing

Wadham College (University of Oxford)



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